• This phase 2 study assessed the efficacy and safety of the dual EZH1 and EZH2 inhibitor valemetostat in patients with R/R ATL.

  • Valemetostat 200 mg orally once daily demonstrated promising efficacy and manageable toxicity in heavily pretreated patients.

Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is an aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma with poor prognosis and few treatment options for patients with relapsed, recurrent, or refractory disease. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of valemetostat, a potent EZH1 and EZH2 inhibitor, in treating relapsed/refractory (R/R) ATL. This multicenter phase 2 trial (NCT04102150; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04102150; DS3201-A-J201) enrolled patients with R/R aggressive ATL (acute, lymphoma, unfavorable chronic type). Patients received valemetostat 200 mg/day until progressive disease or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR) centrally assessed by an independent efficacy assessment committee (IEAC). Secondary endpoints included best response in disease compartments, duration of response (DOR), pharmacokinetics, and safety. Twenty-five patients (median age, 69.0) with a median of 3 prior lines of therapy were enrolled; 24 had prior mogamulizumab treatment. The primary endpoint was met with a centrally reviewed ORR of 48.0% (90% CI, 30.5% to 65.9%), including 5 complete and 7 partial remissions. Patients pretreated with mogamulizumab had an ORR of 45.8% (4 complete and 7 partial remissions). IEAC-assessed median DOR was not reached (NR; 95% CI, 1.87 months to NR). Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were manageable. TEAEs that occurred in ≥20% of patients included thrombocytopenia, anemia, alopecia, dysgeusia, neutropenia, lymphopenia, leukopenia, decreased appetite, and pyrexia. Grade ≥3 TEAEs included thrombocytopenia, anemia, lymphopenia, leukopenia, and neutropenia. Valemetostat demonstrated promising efficacy and tolerability in heavily pretreated patients, warranting further investigation in treating R/R ATL.

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